Mauritius island is found near Africa’s southeastern coastline, the Republic of Mauritius shipped US$2.1 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2017. That dollar amount represents a -10.2% drop since 2013 and a -4.2% year-over-year retreat from 2016 to 2017.
Based on estimates from the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook, exported goods plus services from Mauritius represent 46% of total Mauritian economic output or Gross Domestic Product. Please note that the overall value of exported goods and services includes a sizable share of re-exports. The analysis below focuses on exported products only.
From a continental perspective, over half (50.4%) of Mauritian exports by value were delivered to European countries while 21.1% were sold to fellow African nations. Mauritius shipped another 12.9% worth of goods to Asia, with 11.7% going to customers in North America.
Given Mauritius’ population of 1.4 million people, its total $2.1 billion in 2017 exports translates to roughly $1,550 for every resident in that country.
Mauritius’ unemployment rate was 7.1% as of March 2017 compared to 7.6% one year earlier, according to Trading Economics.
Mauritius’ Top 10 Exports
The following export product groups represent the highest dollar value in Mauritian global shipments during 2017 at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code level. Also shown is the percentage share each export category represents in terms of overall exports from Mauritius.
Drilling down to 4-digit HTS codes, the most valuable export goods from Mauritius are clothing and accessories ahead of fish and caviar, sugar, unmounted diamonds and the spice vanilla.
- Knit or crochet clothing, accessories: US$305.7 million (14.5% of total exports)
- Clothing, accessories (not knit or crochet): $298.5 million (14.2%)
- Meat/seafood preparations: $296.2 million (14.1%)
- Sugar, sugar confectionery: $254.6 million (12.1%)
- Fish: $118.9 million (5.7%)
- Gems, precious metals: $111.4 million (5.3%)
- Coffee, tea, spices: $55.2 million (2.6%)
- Cotton: $44.8 million (2.1%)
- Electrical machinery, equipment: $44.6 million (2.1%)
- Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $36.7 million (1.7%)
Mauritius’ top 10 exports accounted for about three-quarters (74.5%) of the overall value of its global shipments.
Meat or seafood preparations was the fastest-growing among the top 10 export categories via a 12.6% gain from 2016 to 2017.
In second place for improving export sales were spices (mostly vanilla), coffee and tea which rose 11%.
Mauritian shipments of cotton posted the third-fastest gain in value up by 9.2%.
The leading decliner among the top 10 Mauritian export categories was the electrical machinery and equipment category which was down by -64.5% year over year.